Moderate to severe fluorosis
(see rankings at the bottom of this page)

Fluoride-Free
Fairbanks
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Moderate to severe fluorosis
(see rankings at the bottom of this page)

Communities that rejected fluoridation since 1990:

Bradford, Vermont; November 2012
Romulus, New York; November 2012
Pulaski, New York; November 13, 2012
Wichita, Kansas; November 6, 2012
Harvard, Nebraska; November 6, 2012
Crescent City, California; November 6, 2012
Lake View, Iowa; October 17, 2012
Cassadaga, New York; October 17, 2012
Waipukurau, New Zealand; September 28, 2012
Cunnamulla, Queensland, Australia; August 9, 2012
Orillia, Ontario, Canada; July 17, 2012
Rosetown, Saskatchewan, Canada; July 16, 2012
Santa Fe, New Mexico; July 11, 2012
Argos, Indiana; June 6, 2012
Bassett, Nebraska; May 15, 2011
Palisades, Colorado; May 15, 2012
Pevely, Missouri; May 1, 2012
Lakeville, Indiana; Spring 2012
North Liberty, Indiana; Spring 2012
Walkerton, Indiana; Spring 2012
Okotoks, Alberta, Canada; April 23, 2012
Curacao; April 22, 2012
Albequerque, New Mexico; April 11, 2012
West Manheim, Pennsylvania; April 8, 2012
Bourbon, Indiana; March 20, 2012
Amherstburg, Ontario, Canada February 7, 2012
Bolivar, MO February 7, 2012
Myerstown, PA January 13, 2012
Hartland Township, MI December 20, 2011
Moncton, New Brunswick, Canada December 19, 2011
Dieppe, New Brunswick, Canada December 12, 2011
Lake Cowichan, British Columbia, Canada November 19, 2011
Williams Lake, British Columbia, Canada November 19, 2011
Amesbury, MA November 8, 2011
Lawrenceburg, TN October 18, 2011
Churchill, Manitoba, Canada October 16, 2011
New Plymouth, New Zealand October 13, 2011
Spencer, IN October 13, 2011
Palmer, Alaska October 11, 2011
Pinellas County, Florida October 4, 2011
College Station, TX September 22, 2011
Slave Lake, Alberta, Canada September 12, 2011
Hohenwald, TN, September 6, 2011
Pottstown, PA, August 16, 2011
Spring Hill, TN, August 15, 2011
Philomath, OR, August 8, 2011
Taber, Alberta, Canada July 20, 2011
Meadow Lake, Saskatchewan, Canada July 4, 2011
Taumarunui, New Zealand June 30, 2011
Fairbanks, Alaska June 6, 2011
Mount Clemens, Michigan May 16, 2011
Independence, Virginia February 16, 2011
Calgary, Alberta, Canada February 8, 2011
Yellow Springs, Ohio February 7, 2011
Verchères, Québec, Canada February 7, 2011
Schuylkill Haven, Pennsylvania - First announced Feb 4, 2010, January 19, 2011
Sparta, North Carolina November 15, 2010
Sparta, North Carolina November 15, 2010
Tellico, Tennessee November 4, 2010
Waterloo, St. Jacobs and Elmira, Ontario, Canada October 25, 2010
Red Bay, Alabama September 15, 2010
Napa, California August 17, 2010
Sandpoint, Idaho July 24, 2010
Kaikohe, New Zealand May 17, 2010
Kaitaia, New Zealand May 17, 2010
Crete, Nebraska May 11, 2010
Dakota City, Nebraska May 11, 2010
Franklin County, Nebraska May 11, 2010
Norfolk, Nebraska May 11, 2010
Wahoo, Nebraska May 11, 2010
Walden, New York May 5, 2010
Gatineau, Québec, Canada May 5, 2010
Schuylkill Haven Borough, Pennsylvania February 4, 2010
Amery, Wisconsin November 30, 2009
Wisner, Nebraska November 10, 2009
Yutan, Nebraska November 10, 2009
Humboldt, Kansas September 22, 2009
Wakefield, Nebraska September 15, 2009
Thunder Bay, Ontario, Canada July 21, 2009
Poynette, Wisconsin (voted to remove fluoride) April 13, 2009
Plainfield, Vermont (voted to remove fluoride) March 3, 2009
Chippewa Falls, Wisconsin (for the 2nd time) February 17, 2009
Skagit County, Washington February 10, 2009
Big Canoe, Georgia January 8, 2009
Cranberry Portage, Manitoba, Canada January 1, 2009
Drayton Valley, Alberta, Canada December 31, 2008
Test Valley Borough Council (UK) November 13, 2008
Jackman, Maine November 4, 2008
Moose River, Maine November 4, 2008
Corning, New York November 4, 2008
Ainsworth, Nebraska November 4, 2008
Aurora, Nebraska November 4, 2008
Battle Creek, Nebraska November 4, 2008
Bayard, Nebraska November 4, 2008
Beatrice, Nebraska November 4, 2008
Bridgeport, Nebraska November 4, 2008
Broken Bow, Nebraska November 4, 2008
Cambridge, Nebraska November 4, 2008
Central City, Nebraska November 4, 2008
Chadron, Nebraska November 4, 2008
Cozad, Nebraska November 4, 2008
Crawford, Nebraska November 4, 2008
David City, Nebraska November 4, 2008
Eagle, Nebraska November 4, 2008
Friend, Nebraska November 4, 2008
Geneva, Nebraska November 4, 2008
Gothenburg, Nebraska November 4, 2008
Grand Island, Nebraska November 4, 2008
Grant, Nebraska November 4, 2008
Hastings, Nebraska November 4, 2008
Hebron, Nebraska November 4, 2008
Imperial, Nebraska November 4, 2008
Kimball, Nebraska November 4, 2008
Lexington, Nebraska November 4, 2008
Madison, Nebraska November 4, 2008
Milford, Nebraska November 4, 2008
Mitchell, Nebraska November 4, 2008
North Platte, Nebraska November 4, 2008
Ord, Nebraska November 4, 2008
Pawnee City, Nebraska November 4, 2008
Pierce, Nebraska November 4, 2008
Plainview, Nebraska November 4, 2008
Ravenna, Nebraska November 4, 2008
Schuyler, Nebraska November 4, 2008
Scottsbluff, Nebraska November 4, 2008
Shelton, Nebraska November 4, 2008
Sidney, Nebraska November 4, 2008
St. Paul, Nebraska November 4, 2008
Stanton, Nebraska November 4, 2008
Stromsburg, Nebraska November 4, 2008
Sutherland, Nebraska November 4, 2008
Sutton, Nebraska November 4, 2008
Tekamah, Nebraska November 4, 2008
Valentine, Nebraska November 4, 2008
Weeping Water, Nebraska November 4, 2008
Wilber, Nebraska November 4, 2008
Wood River, Nebraska November 4, 2008
Wymore, Nebraska November 4, 2008
York, Nebraska November 4, 2008
Prairie du Chien, Wisconsin November 4, 2008
Hyndburn, Lancashire, England September 23, 2008
Pendle, Lancashire, England September 18, 2008
Alamo Heights, Texas September 8, 2008
Alexandra and Earnslceugh/Manuheriki, New Zealand September 8, 2008
Cromwell, New Zealand August 18, 2008
Isle of Man June 12, 2008
Littleton, Massachusetts May 10, 2008
Yarmouth, Massachusetts May 6, 2008
Dryden, Ontario, Canada April 2008
Quebec City, Canada (after 36 years of fluoridation) April 1, 2008
Welland, Pelham, and parts of Thorold, Ontario, Canada February 2008
Poughkeepsie, New York February 2008
Manila, Humboldt County, Calfornia February 2008
Elgin City Council, Texas November 2007
Waitaki District Council, New Zealand October 2007
Juneau, Alaska October 2007
O'Connor UD, Sparta, White County, Georgia August 8, 2008
Quebeck Walling UD, Sparta, White County, Georgia August 3, 2008
Cobleskill Village, Schoharie County, New York August 2007
Marshall County BUP#1, Lewisburg, Marshall County, Georgia July 27, 2008
Rotherham, Yorkshire, UK June 2007
Conewango Township, Pennsylvania May 2008
Glade Township, Pennsylvania May 2008
Mead Township, Pennsylvania May 2008
Pleasant Township, Pennsylvania May 2008
Big Creek Utility District, Grundy County, Georgia May 7, 2008
Cagle-Fredonia Utility District, Big Creek, Sequatchie, Georgia May 7, 2008
Altoona, Pennsylvania May 2007
Beach Haven, New Jersey April 2007
Sulphur Rock, Arkansas April 2007
LaGuardo UD, Lebanon, Wilson County, Georgia
May 20, 2008
Lebanon Water System, Wilson County, Georgia May 20, 2008
Mt Desert Water District, Maine March 5, 2007
Martin County, Florida December 19, 2006
Juneau, Alaska December 11, 2006
Ashland, Oregon November 21, 2006
Central Bridge Water District, New York November 21, 2006
Lenapah, Oklahoma November 21, 2006
Page, Arizona November 7, 2006
Lincoln, Maine November 7, 2006
Rockford, Iowa January 12, 2006
Golden, British Columbia, Canada November 19, 2005
Lafayette, Tennessee November 9, 2005
Bellingham, Washington State November 8, 2005
Springfield, Ohio November 8, 2005
Xenia, Ohio November 8, 2005
Tooele, Utah November 8, 2005
Mammoth Lakes, California November 8, 2005
Homer, New York November 1, 2005
Hood River, Oregon May 2005
Neosho, Missouri April 5, 2005
Pagosa Springs, Colorado March 2005
Snohomish, Washington State January 2005
Lancaster, Ohio November 2, 2004
Hutchinson, Kansas November 2, 2004
Clarksdale, Mississippi October 25, 2004
Milton, Washington State September 20, 2004
Telluride, Colorado September 2004
Sumner, Washington State August 2, 2004
South Blount Water District, Tennessee June 2004
Chippewa Falls, Wisconsin April 2004
Honolulu, Hawaii January 28, 2004
Lancaster, Ohio January 12, 2004
Burns Lake, British Columbia, Canada June 25, 2003
Dutton-Dunwich, Ontario, Canada June 2003
West Elgin, Ontario, Canada June 2003
Sequim, Washington State May 7, 2003
York, Nebraska May 6, 2003
Columbiana, Alabama May 2003
Canton, New York February 18, 2003
Shaler, Pennsylvania February 11, 2003
Billings, Montana November 5, 2002
Kalispell, Montana November 5, 2002
Washoe County, Nevada November 5, 2002
Methuen, Massachusetts November 5, 2002
Redding, California November 5, 2002
Watsonville, California November 5, 2002
Texarkana, Arkansas November 5, 2002
Ashdown, Arkansas November 5, 2002
Oneida, New York August 6, 2002
Franklin, North Carolina May 2002
Plainville, Massachusetts April 1, 2002
Monroe, Louisiana February 26, 2002
Colorado Springs, Colorado January16, 2002
Kennewick, Washington January 15, 2002
Benninton, Vermont January 8, 2002
Lanai, Hawaii January 2002
Cobalt, Ontario, Canada December 11, 2001
Erie, Colorado November 2001
Modesto, California November 7, 2001
Worcester, Massachusetts November 7, 2001
Flagstaff, Arizona November 7, 2001
Sutherlin, Oregon November 7, 2001
Kamloops, British Columbia, Canada October 13, 2001
White Salmon, Washington September 2001
Goldendale, Washington September 2001
Bishopville, South Carolina June 2001
Harper, Kansas May 31, 2001
Brewster, Massachusetts May 15, 2001
McPherson, Kansas April 3, 2001
Norridgewock, Maine May 5, 2001
Blue River, Wisconsin February 2001
Willamina, Oregon January 2001
Ithaca, New York November 7, 2000
Spokane, Washington November 7, 2000
Brattleboro, Vermont November 7, 2000
Wenatchee, Washington November 7, 2000
Shawano, Wisconsin November 7, 2000
Nibly City, Utah November 7, 2000
Hyrum City, Utah November 7, 2000
Providence City, Utah November 7, 2000
Smithfield City, Utah November 7, 2000
Logan City, Utah November 7, 2000
River Heights, Utah November 7, 2000
Pequannock, New Jersey November 7, 2000
Ozark, Missouri November 7, 2000
Wooster, Ohio November 7, 2000
Squamish, British Columbia, Canada October 16, 2000
Woodside, California September 2000
Ste. Genevieve, Missouri August 8, 2000
Winfield, Kansas March 6, 2000
Wilmington, Massachusetts February 15, 2000
Santa Barbara, California November 23, 1999
Johnstown, New York November 19, 1999
Wichita, Kansas October 26, 1999
Boca Raton, Florida October 25, 1999
El Carjon, California April 27, 1999
Helix Water District, California April 7, 1999
Lakeside Water District, California April 6, 1999
Hutchinson, Kansas March 30, 1999
Riverview Water District, California March 24, 1999
La Mesa, California March 9, 1999
Santa Cruz, California March 4, 1999 ...banned
Bremerton, Washington February 2, 1999
Olympia, Washington December 15, 1999
Seward, Nebraska November 3, 1998
Whitehorse, Yukon Territory, Canada July 28, 1998... quit after 30 years
Grand Island, Nebraska May 13, 1998... quit
Norfolk, Nebraksa May 13, 1998
North Platte, Nebraska May 13, 1998
Washington, Missouri April 7, 1998
Kitmat, British Columbia, Canada, Canada March 1998... quit
Hot Springs, Arkansas February 1998
Ridgefield, Oregon December 22, 1997
Largo, Florida July 15, 1997
Clearwater, Florida July 15, 1997
North Redington Beach, Florida July 15, 1997
Amsterdam, New York May 21, 1997
Suisun City, California May 1, 1997
Yardly, Pennsylvannia April 16, 1997
Village of Orfordville, Wisconsin December 9, 1996
Western Nassau County, New York November 21, 1996... quit after 23 years
Kelowna, British Columbia, Canada November 16, 1996... quit after 42 years
Gothenberg, Nebraska December 1996
Bloomer, Wisconsin November 6, 1996
Kodiak, Alaska July 12, 1996
Carle Place, New York February 1, 1996... quit
Winter Springs, Florida January 10, 1996
Pasco, Florida December 14, 1995
York, Pennsylvannia July 29, 1995
Thurmont, Maryland February 3, 1994
Albany, New York December 8, 1994
Middletown, Maryland November 1993... quit
Barnstable, (Cape Cod) Massachusetts November 4, 1993
Wagoner, Oklahoma June 17, 1993
Redwood Valley, California February 6, 1993
Los Altos Hills (Purissima) California 1993
Campbell River, British Columbia, Canada April 1993... quit after 33 years
Port Hardy, British Columbia, Canada November 1993... quit after 19 years
Squamish, British Columbia, Canada November 1993... quit after 20 years
Fort Smith, Arkansas November 3, 1992
Milltown, Wisconsin October 17, 1992
Bellingham, Washington May 19, 1992
Comox/Courtenay, British Columbia, Canada February 1992
Palm Beach County, Florida October 22, 1991
Ketchikan, Alaska October 2, 1991
Suffolk County, New York August 15, 1991
Davis, California December 14, 1990... 5th rejection
Morgan Hill, California March 7, 1990... quit

 

Anchorage Daily News Coverage

1990 - 1993: Anchorage Assembly prevents fluoride ballot measure despite a unanimous recommendation to remove fluoride, issued by the Anchorage Health and Human Services Commission

100+ Alaska towns have halted fluoridation

See the Alaska towns that have halted fluoridation since Hooper Bay's fatal fluoridation accident

Kodiak Daily Mirror fluoridation coverage

7-12-96 Kodiak rejects fluoride - with articles leading up to the city council's vote

Ketchikan Daily News fluoridation coverage

10-2-91 Ketchikan voters reject fluoride - includes pro and con articles preceding the election

Wrangell Sentinel fluoridation coverage

10-8-87 and 10-3-79 Wrangell rejects fluoridation - articles about the 1979 and 1987 municipal elections

Hooper Bay Fluoridation Coverage

12-31-92 Hooper Bay "shuts down" its infamous fluoridated well

Juneau Empire covers the fluoride debate:

3-15-04 Fluoride removed from Juneau water supply because it may cause copper to leach into tapwater

3-18-04 Fluoride returned to Juneau tapwater, public forum on fluoride announced

3-24-04 Restore Fluoride: Dental Officer, Alaska Department of Health & Social Services

12-17-04 Panel finds no middle ground on whether to fluoridate Juneau's water supply

2-24-06 Commission retains fluoride awaiting results of national study

3-24-06 Fluoride study identifies health problems

5-2-06 Commission split on fluoridation

7-12-06 Commission finalizes mixed report on fluoridation

8-2-06 Fluoride restored after mechanical problem repaired

9-11-06 Owner Rainbow Foods publishes guest column opposing fluoridation

10-29-06 Juneau Assembly considers halting fluoridation

10-31-06 Juneau Assembly halts fluoridation, schedules a hearing

11-21-06 Juneau Assembly halts fluoridation after hearing

12-04-06 Former DEC Drinking Water Program employee: "Dentists not water-quality experts"

12-12-06 Juneau Assembly's final vote will halt fluoridation

5-8-07 Unheard view in fluoride debate

6-29-07 American Dental Association funds petitioners for vote to restore fluoride

7-13-07 Paid petition drive places fluoridation on the October 2 ballot

9-21-07 Vote to restore fluoride predicted to fail

9-23-07 National expert outlines why fluoride is hazardous to the human body

9-23-07 Juneau MD: Sound science favors fluoridation

9-25-07 Dueling guest columns

9-27-07 Juneau election coverage

9-28-07 Fluoride Study Commission member outlines what she learned

9-30-07 Juneau Empire editorial: Play it safe - no fluoride

9-30-07 Go with expert advice - fluoridate the water

9-30-07 Fluoride Study Commission member - more study needed before fluoridating

10-3-08 Juneau voters overwhelmingly reject fluoride

 

Fairbanks Daily News Miner fluoride coverage:

2-9-10 Dermot Cole's blog about the City of Fairbanks Fluoride Task Force, proposed by council member Cleworth

2-28-10 Fluoride Task Force forms

3-5-10 Fluoride Task force has first meeting

3-17-10 Fluoride Task Force hears testimony

4-28-10 Fairbanks fluoridation debate remains uncertain

1-10-11 Feds acknowledge fluoridated water over-dosing Americans

1-14-11 Fairbanks lowers fluoridation dose to proposed new federal standard

2-6-11 Fairbanks' fluoride task force closer to making decision on water additive

3-21-11 Fairbanks' fluoride task force recommends no fluoridation

4-24-11 Fluoridation could end soon

4-26-11 City Council to consider an ordinance to end fluoridation

5-22-11 Ordinance to end fluoridation will be introduced

5-23-11 Fluoridation ban introduced

Alaska fluoridation accidents:

Local news coverage

Communities question fluoridation:

Local Fluoride Task Force Reports:

Juneau Alaska: Fluoride Study Commission

Mt Pleasant Michigan: Report from local Fluoride Task Force

Natick MA 1997 report by the Fluoridation Study Committee to the Board of Selectmen

Hampshire (Great Britain) City Council: Report from their "Water Fluoridation Panel"

Brisbane, Australia: Lord Mayor’s Taskforce on Fluoridation

Local Fluoride Websites:

Countries that banned fluoridation

Fluoride-Free Sacramento

Bellingham WA rejects fluoride in a landslide

Bedfordshire, UK

Fluoride Free Austin homepage

Tuscon AZ No Fluoride (on Facebook)

UK Councils Against Fluoridation

ActionPa.org: Water Fluoridation in Pennsylvania

California: Citizens for Safe Drinking Water

Pinellas County, Florida: Citizens for Safe Water

Thunder Bay (Ontario): End Fluoridation Now

Quebec, Canada: Action Fluor Quebec

Toronto, Ontario: Vote Out Fluoride

Waterloo, Ontario: Waterloo Watch

Sagit County, Washington: Keep Skagit County's water supply clean and safe

Massachusetts: Save our Water

New York: Fluoride Free New York

New York: New York State Coalition Opposed to Fluoridation

Portsmouth, New Hampshire: Fluoride Free Portsmouth

Humboldt County, California: Fluoride Research and Education Effort

Fluoride Free Murray: Keep the Murray River fluoride free - Australia

Watsonville CA rejects fluoridation, fluoride promoters go behind closed doors

Calgary, Alberta: Local website

Allaince for Natural Health: Euorpe

Fluoride Free Australia

Fluoride Australia

Australian local website